I/ Choose the word whose underlined part has a different pronunciation from the others in each group:
1/ A. city B. country C. by D. very
2/ A. places B. houses C. bosses D. offices
3/ A. names B. rivers C. seasons D. parts
4/ A. empire B. enter C. empty D. end
5/ A. united B. developed C. regarded D. attracted
II/ Choose the word whose main stress is placed differently from the others in each group:
1/ A. capital B. different C. business D. apartment
2/ A. theater B. district C. locate D. famous
3/ A. southeastern B. visitor C. attractive D. convenient
4/ A. develop B. museum C. populate D. informal
5/ A. mingle B. whether C. harbor D. compare
VI/ Choose the best answer A, B, C or D for each sentence:
1/ There is no _______ reason for the accident.
A. know B. known C. knowable D. knowledge
2/ Phone me if there are any new _______.
A. develop B. developed
C. developing D. developments
3/ We're reading a _______ book this week.
A. differ B. difference C. different D. differently
4/ The mansion is set in 90 acres of beautiful, unspoilt _______.
A. country B. countryside C. countrywide D. countryman
5/ These flowers are brightly colored in order to _______ butterflies.
A. attract B. attraction C. attractive D. attractively
6/ The local _______ information office provides a free map of the region.
A. tour B. tourist C. tourism D. tour guide
7/ Contractors have started _______ on waste land near the town.
A. build B. built C. builder D. building
8/ At the International School they have pupils of 46 different _______.
A. nations B. national C. nationalist D. nationalities
9/ Although the technology _______ in the UK, it has been developed in the US.
A. origin B. original C. originally D. originated
10/ My son's teacher says that his work is often rather _______.
A. care B. careless C. careful D. carelessly
VII/ Select the best option to complete the sentences:
1/ She walked home by herself, _______ she knew that it was dangerous.
A. despite B. although C. because of D. because
2/ _______ repeated assurances that the product is safe, many people have stopped buying it.
A. Despite B. Although C. Because of D. Because
3/ Just _______ I'm lending you my dress for tonight doesn't mean you can borrow it whenever you want to.
A. despite B. although C. because of D. because
4/ The train was delayed _______ bad weather.
A. despite B. although C. because of D. because
5/ Have you been to the restaurant _______ is just opened in town?
A. that B. who C. whom D. what
6/ She says it's Charlotte's fault, _______ is rubbish, and that she blames her.
A. which B. that C. whose D. who
7/ Cohen, _______ contract expires next week, is likely to move to play for a European club.
A. whose B. that C. which D. whom
8/ She lived in Rome for a couple of years, _______ she taught English.
A. who B. why C. where D. when
9/ The police asked me to explain _______ I hadn't reported the accident sooner.
A. which B. why C. that D. when
10/ He was quite shocked _______ I told him.
A. what B. that C. when D. why
VIII/ Find the one mistake (A, B, C or D) in these sentences and then correct them:
1/ She'll be coming (A) tonight, (B) although I don't know (C) exact (D) when.
2/ We (A) can't go to Julia's party (B) because of we're going (C) away (D) that weekend.
3/ (A) In spite of (B) his injuries, he bears (C) not hatred (D) towards his attackers.
4/ She (A) took the money (B) from her mother's purse, (C) despite (D) hers.
5/ He (A) rang James, (B) that was (C) a good friend (D) as well as the family doctor.
IX/ Read the following passage carefully, and then select the best option A, B, C or D to complete it:
London is the capital of the United Kingdom and the home of its queen, Elizabeth II. It’s also the largest city in Europe. About 7 million people call London home.
Millions of people visit London every year from all (1) _______ the world. If you travel there, you’ll find many (2) _______ things to see and do.
During August and September, you can visit Buckingham (3) _______. That’s where the queen lives most of the year. It has about 600 (4) _______, but you’ll see only state rooms where the queen entertains guests. In the morning, a colorful ceremony (5) _______ “changing of the guard” takes place in the palace courtyard. One group of palace guards (6) _______ off duty, and another troop arrives to replace them.
You can (7) _______ the Tower of London, a historic fortress that was once a royal palace. It was also used as a (8) _______ for hundreds of years. Two of the wives of King Henry VIII—Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard—were put (9) _______ death here. The Crown Jewels are a popular attraction at the Tower. This (10) _______ of jeweled crowns, swords, scepters, and other royal objects is only used on (11) _______ occasions, such as the crowning of a new ruler.
Be (12) _______ to visit Westminster Abbey, one of Britain’s famous (13) _______. The nation’s kings and queens are crowned here. Many rulers and famous citizens are (14) _______ here. There are also monuments to political figures and poets.
The (15) _______ of Parliament are along the Thames River, near Westminster Abbey. This is where the government meets. Look (16) _______ to see the clock tower with Big Ben, London’s famous (17) _______ that rings every hour.
- landmark (n.): mốc ranh giới
- eery (adj.): gây ra cả giác thần bí và sợ hãi
- wax (n.): sáp ong, chất sáp
- mummy (n.): xác (ướp)
- Ferris wheel (n.): vòng đu quay
1/ A) through B) over C) across D) in
2/ A) poor B) famous C) boring D) fascinating
3/ A) Castle B) House C) Palace D) Building
4/ A) rooms B) doors C) windows D) gates
5/ A) said B) called C) considered D) known
6/ A) puts B) marches C) takes D) sends
7/ A) go B) come C) travel D) tour
8/ A) place B) room C) prison D) house
9/ A) to B) into C) on D) onto
10/ A) selection B) class C) kind D) collection
11/ A) special B) especial C) essential D) important
12/ A) enough B) sure C) good D) clever
13/ A) villas B) houses C) churches D) castles
14/ A) buried B) dead C) killed D) born
15/ A) Palaces B) Houses C) Buildings D) Churches
16/ A) up B) down C) after D) for
X/ Read the headings (from 1 to 7) and the paragraphs (from A to G) carefully, and then match them together appropriately:
1/ A CENTER OF BUSINESS AND FINANCE
2/ PEOPLE FROM EVERYWHERE
3/ THE FIVE BOROUGHS
4/ A CITY OF LANDMARKS
5/ ONE OF AMERICA’S OLDEST CITIES
6/ A CENTER FOR THE ARTS
7/ A CITY OF ISLANDS
New York is the world’s most ethnically diverse city. About one-third of New York’s residents, over 2.6 million people, were born in other countries. Schoolkids in New York speak more than 120 languages.
The city is full of famous buildings that you may often see on television. They include the Empire State Building, United Nations headquarters, Chrysler Building, and Rockefeller Center.
The Statue of Liberty stands in New York Harbor. It has welcomed millions of immigrants to America.
Two of the world’s tallest buildings once soared above New York’s skyline. They were the twin towers of the World Trade Center. But terrorists flew airplanes into the towers and destroyed them on September 11, 2001.
Central Park is an oasis of greenery in the midst of New York’s tall buildings. It offers a zoo, a nature center, playgrounds, paths for running and bicycling, and places for ice skating, roller skating, and playing sports.
What do you think of when you think of New York City? Most people think of Manhattan, the heart of the city, with its towering skyscrapers.
But the city has five sections. These sections are called boroughs. A borough is similar to a county. The five boroughs are Manhattan, Queens, Brooklyn, the Bronx, and Staten Island.
The Bronx is the only borough of New York City on the United States mainland. The other boroughs are on islands. Brooklyn and Queens occupy the western end of Long Island. Water surrounds Staten Island and Manhattan. These two boroughs face each other across New York Harbor.
English explorer Henry Hudson in 1609 sailed up the river that now bears his name. He was working for a Dutch company. The company started a settlement at the mouth of the Hudson in 1624. They called it New Amsterdam. The English captured the settlement in 1664 and renamed it New York.
Since colonial days New York has been an important city. It was the U.S. capital from 1785 to 1790. New York passed Philadelphia in 1810 to become America’s largest city. New York grew because of its excellent harbor. The port made it a center of trade. Immigrants to the United States poured through the port.
Today, Wall Street, New York’s financial center, is the leading financial center for the world. Wall Street is home to many banks, stock markets, stockbrokers, and other financial institutions.
New York is the most important communications and publishing center in the United States. Three major television networks have their headquarters in New York City—ABC, CBS, and NBC. Many of the country’s major advertising agencies and book and magazine publishers also are headquartered in New York City.
New York is a major center for the arts. No other American city has so many places to hear music, see plays, watch dance, or look at art.
The city’s outstanding art museums include the Metropolitan Museum, Guggenheim Museum, Museum of Modern Art, and Whitney Museum of American Art. Galleries on Madison Avenue show very new artworks.
Times Square and Broadway form the main theater district. Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts has concert halls, theaters for dance and plays, and the Metropolitan Opera House. New York City’s museums, theaters, and concerts make the city a popular destination for millions of visitors each year.