Tiếng Anh lớp 10 UNIT 5: TECHNOLOGY AND YOUA. MULTIPLE CHOICES:
I/ Choose the word whose underlined part has a different pronunciation from the others in each group:
1/ A. technology B. different C. mental D. dentist
2/ A. computer B. from C. box D. doctor
3/ A. happy B. weekly C. accuracy D. multiply
4/ A. produced B. wanted C. needed D. subtracted
5/ A. magazine B. device C. live D. unit
II/ Choose the word whose main stress is placed differently from the others in each group:
1/ A. technology B. illustration C. definition D. electronic
2/ A. computer B. different C. capable D. calculate
3/ A. number B. software C. manage D. invent
4/ A. become B. hardware C. letter D. music
5/ A. office B. language C. around D. other
III/ Select the synonym of the following bold and underlined word in each sentence in the unit:
1/ We visit shops, offices, and places of scenic beauty with the help of computers.
A. stay with B. look at C. stop over D. come to see
2/ We visit shops, offices, and places of scenic beauty with the help of computers.
A. houses B. pubs C. stores D. inns
3/ We read newspapers and magazines which have been produced on computers.
A. born B. shaped C. begun D. manufactured
4/ What makes computer a miraculous device?
A. strange B. superhuman C. wonderful D. famous
5/ Each time you turn it on, with appropriate hardware and software, it is capable of doing almost anything you ask.
A. suitable B. good C. right D. important
6/ It is a calculating machine which speeds up calculations: it can add, subtract, multiply, and divide with lightning speed and perfect accuracy.
A. full B. total C. capable D. exact
7/ It is a calculating machine which speeds up calculations: it can add, subtract, multiply, and divide with lightning speed and perfect accuracy.
A. precision B. goodness C. loveliness D. wonder
8/ It is an electric store which manages large collections of data.
A. handles B. works C. drives D. pilots
9/ Decide which of the three options below is the best title for the passage.
A. voices B. desires C. choices D. answers
10/ Ask and answer questions about the uses of modern inventions.
A. up-to-date B. new C. late D. present
IV/ Select the antonym of the following bold and underlined word in each sentence in the unit:
1/ Look at the illustrations of different parts of a computer system.
A. together B. similar C. average D. pure
2/ She was wearing a beautiful dress.
A. unsightly B. dirty C. dusty D. bad
3/ We receive letters from and send letters to almost every part of the world with the help of computers.
A. take B. buy C. sell D. break
4/ And we can even learn foreign languages on computers.
A. known B. native C. natural D. expected
5/ Each time you turn it on, with appropriate hardware and software, it is capable of doing almost anything you ask.
A. unsuitable B. unimportant C. ill-prepared D. irregular
6/ The man understood the lessons very well.
A. ill B. hardly C. poorly D. wrong
7/ Listen to the old man’s story again and write in the missing words.
A. existing B. near C. here D. nearby
8/ Places of scenic beauty are places where the scenes are interesting and beautiful.
A. incorrect B. tiresome C. irrelevant D. unlucky
9/ Why is computer a miraculous device?
A. ordinary B. improper C. false D. ugly
10/ My personal opinion is that the students should be doing more work outside the classroom.
A. national B. inner C. spiritual D. public
V/ Choose the best answer A, B, C or D for each sentence:
1/ She noticed a marked _______ in the children on her second visit.
A. differ B. difference C. different D. differently
2/ She had been a _______ in her day.
A. beauty B. beautician C. beautify D. beautiful
3/ By my _______, we made a profit of £20 000 last year.
A. calculate B. calculator C. calculation D. calculated
4/ The government provided an _______ £25 million to expand the service.
A. additive B. addition C. additional D. additionally
5/ Disagreements about defence cuts have opened up deep _______ within the military.
A. divide B. divisions C. divided D. divisional
6/ Use conditioner regularly to make your hair soft and _______.
A. manage B. management C. manager D. manageable
7/ I found the talk both informative and _______.
A. entertain B. entertainer C. entertaining D. entertainment
8/ What’s your _______ of happiness?
A. definition B. definite C. indefinite D. definitive
9/ We don’t know whether he’s _______ or dead.
A. live B. lively C. alive D. living
10/ She has a highly _______ mind.
A. invent B. inventive C. inventor D. invention
VI/ Choose the correct words to complete the sentences:
1/ The taxi drivers’ strike _______ last month, and it still _______ on these days.
A. began- is going B. had begun- goes
C. began- goes D. had begun- is going
2/ You _______ the work that you _______ assigned to.
A. didn’t finish- had been B. don’t- are
C. haven’t finished- were D. can’t finish- could be
3/ My teacher _______ while he _______ a car.
A. didn’t smoke-is driving B. hasn’t smoked-was driving
C. doesn’t smoke-is driving D. hadn’t smoked-was driving
4/ By the end of this week, Valentine _______ and _______.
A. comes-goes B. would come-go
C. will come-go D. will have come-gone
5/ When my aunt _______ old, she often _______ of all the things she _______ when she _______ young.
A. grew-thought-did-was B. grows-thinks-does-is
C. has grown-thinks-had done-was D. grows-thought-had done-is
6/ We _______ her brother since last Sunday, but we _______ he _______ an essay on Build a fire at the moment.
A. didn’t see-believed-wrote
B. haven’t seen-believe-is writing
C. don’t see-believe-writes
D. haven’t seen-have believed-has written
7/ My friend and I _______ your sister tomorrow afternoon after she _______ her work.
A. will meet-will finish B. will meet-has finished
C. will have met-has finished D. will have met-will finish
8/ In a short time, when the clock _______ nine, we _______ here an hour.
A. strikes-will have been waiting B. has struck-will wait
C. strikes-will have waited D. has struck-will be waiting
9/ Do you know two straight lines which _______ at a point _______ an angel?
A. met-formed B. have met-have formed
C. meet-have formed D. meet-form
10/ What you _______ a few minutes ago while your sister _______ the dishes?
A. did...do-washed B. did...do-was washing
C. were...doing-washed D. were...doing-was washing
VII/ Find the one mistake (A, B, C or D) in these sentences and then correct them:
1/ (A) The youthful scientist declares (B) that he has concluded (C) the experiment (D) successful.
2/ It’s said that a team (A) has been setted up (B) to look into the matter (C) since (D) last week.
3/ Men (A) have traveled (B) for they first (C) appeared (D) on the earth, haven’t they?
4/ Mr. Tam, (A) who has (B) a lot teaching skill (C) at junior level, will be joining our school (D) in August.
5/ Her well-known film, (A) that (B) won several awards, was (C) about the life (D) of Lenin.
VIII/ Read the following passage carefully, and then select the best option A, B, C or D to complete it:
Technology, general term for the processes by (1) _______ human beings fashion tools and machines to increase (2) _______ control and understanding of the material (3) _______. The term is derived from the Greek words tekhnē, which refers to an art or craft, and logia, (4) _______ an area of study; thus, technology means, literally, the study, or science, of crafting.
Many historians of science argue not only that technology is an essential condition of advanced, industrial civilization (5) _______ also that the rate of technological change has developed its (6) _______ momentum in recent centuries. Innovations now (7) _______ to appear at a rate that increases geometrically, (8) _______ respect to geographical limits or political systems. These innovations tend to transform traditional cultural (9) _______, frequently with unexpected social consequences. Thus technology can be conceived as both a creative and a destructive (10) _______.
- to be derived from: có nguồn gốc từ
- momentum (n.): (thông tục) đà
- innovation (n.): sáng kiến, sự đổi mới
- geometrical (adj.): thuộc hình học
- geographical (adj.): thuộc địa lý
- to conceive (v.): nghĩ, hiểu; diễn đạt, bày tỏ
1/ A. that B. which C. whom D. what
2/ A. the B. its C. their D. his
3/ A. air B. atmosphere C. surroundings D. environment
4/ A. meaning B. saying C. telling D. reading
5/ A. and B. but C. or D. so
6/ A. private B. possessive C. own D. having
7/ A. like B. want C. love D. seem
8/ A. for B. by C. with D. without
9/ A. systems B. networks C. world D. matters
10/ A. work B. task C. process D. assignment
B. USE OF ENGLISH:
II/ Fill each gap with a suitable word from the list below:
emergency, pressed, central, capably, accuracy, magical, excuse, device, invention, multiply
1/ Be careful what you believe - her powers of _______ are well known.
2/ The pilot of the aircraft was forced to make an _______ landing on Lake Geneva.
3/ In warm weather these germs _______ rapidly.
4/ The crowd _______ against the locked doors trying to get into the building.
5/ Rescuers used a special _______ for finding people trapped in collapsed buildings.
6/ No amount of financial recompense can _______ the way in which the company carried out its policy.
7/ Of course, you pay more for premises with a _______ location.
8/ Diamonds were once thought to have _______ powers.
9/ We can predict changes with a surprising degree of _______.
10/ She drove very _______.
III/ Supply the correct form of the word in brackets:
1/ Falling house prices are (illustrate) _______ of the crisis facing the construction industry.
2/ She started writing (poem) _______ at a young age.
3/ Well, you've made a (miracle) _______ recovery since last night!
4/ She is looking for a personal assistant with good (organize) _______ skills.
5/ We walked home arm-in-arm in the (magic) _______ moonlight.
6/ He is very (invent) _______, always dreaming up new gadgets for the home.
7/ He gave me strict (instruct) _______ to get there by eight o'clock.
8/ You have to have such a lot of (patient) _______ when you're dealing with kids.
9/ The (graduate) _______ are marked on the side of the container.
10/ You say that a baby has a (health) _______ pair of lungs when it cries loudly.
IV/ Complete the following sentences with “yes, no, already, yet, just, once, often, recently, ago, before”:
1/ A long time _______, there lived a girl called Cinderella.
2/ If you'd say _______ to the request you'd save a lot of trouble.
3/ “Are you ready?” “Not _______ - wait a moment.”
4/ An opportunity as good as this arises _______ in a lifetime.
5/ _______ we make a decision, does anyone want to say anything else?
6/ How _______ do you wash your hair?
7/ As I have _______ mentioned, I doubt that we will able to raise all the money we need.
8/ “Would you like any more cake?” “_______, thank you.”
9/ He'd _______ got into the bath when the phone rang.
10/ Until very _______ he worked as a teacher and he still shudders at the memories.
V/ Arrange the words so as to make meaningful sentences:
1/ there list of was a complaints as your as long arm.
2/ why they write can't these plain English instructions in?
3/ I know how don't actors learn all manage to those lines.
4/ she into how does research children language acquire.
5/ this contains a book series exercises for of elementary learners.
6/ I pay a think I'll visit hairdresser's while to town the I'm in.
7/ the starts when novel a child parentage is of unknown left at of the the house local priest.
8/ of the songs all heard tonight I've, best yet that's the.
9/ eventually, but one all of them come to promised to leaving his party.
10/ it great is with sorrow inform you that I of the our director death of.
VI/ Put the verbs in the correct tenses:
1/ I'm not surprised he (shout) _______ at you! How would you like to be pushed into a wall?
2/ The wine is in the fridge - it just (want) _______ cooling for a couple of minutes.
3/ More people (now employ) _______ in service industries than in manufacturing.
4/ She (study) _______ for her doctorate for three years already.
5/ Every night when I (be) _______ a child my father used to read me to sleep.
6/ Being afraid of the dark, she always (sleep) _______ with the light on.
7/ (I know) _______ you were coming, I'd have booked a larger room.
8/ I've learned a lot about computers since I (start) _______ work here.
9/ The dinosaurs (die out) _______ 65 million years ago.
10/ Nowadays, I (bake) _______ my own bread rather than buy it.
VII/ Complete the second sentences using the word given in brackets so that it has a similar meaning to the first one:
1/ The fire in the kitchen was discovered by a boy. (who)
→ It ______________________________________ the fire in the kitchen.
2/ These girls are too young to get married. (old)
→ These girls __________________________________________ married.
3/ “Do these toys interest you?” the dealer asked Oanh. (was)
→ The dealer asked Oanh _______________________________ those toys.
4/ My sister really wishes she could dance well. (able)
→ My sister regrets not _____________________________________ well.
5/ Trang said that I had broken the glass. (blamed)
→ Trang _____________________________________________ the glass.
6/ Nhung did not need to register for the English course. (necessary)
→ It _________________________________________ the English course.
7/ Her son never finishes his work on time although he works hard. (matter)
→ Her son never finishes ________________________________ he works.
8/ There haven’t been many changes in this school since you last visited it. (much)
→ Since my last _________________________ has changed in this school.
9/ Hardly did anybody apply for that job. (applicants)
→ There were very ______________________________________ that job.
10/ Linh does a part-time job and takes care of her grandparents too. (well)
→ Linh does ___________________________________ her grandparents.
VIII/ Read the passage below carefully, and then decide whether the statements are true (T), false (F) or not given (N):
The meanings of the terms science and technology have changed significantly from one generation to another. More similarities than differences, however, can be found between the terms.
Both science and technology imply a thinking process, both are concerned with causal relationships in the material world, and both employ an experimental methodology that results in empirical demonstrations that can be verified by repetition. Science, at least in theory, is less concerned with the practicality of its results and more concerned with the development of general laws, but in practice science and technology are inextricably involved with each other. The varying interplay of the two can be observed in the historical development of such practitioners as chemists, engineers, physicists, astronomers, carpenters, potters, and many other specialists. Differing educational requirements, social status, vocabulary, methodology, and types of rewards, as well as institutional objectives and professional goals, contribute to such distinctions as can be made between the activities of scientists and technologists; but throughout history the practitioners of “pure” science have made many practical as well as theoretical contributions.
- practicality (n.): tính thực tế, tính thữc tiễn
- inextricable (adj.): không thể gỡ ra được; không thể giải quyết được (vấn đề,...)
- interplay (n.): ảnh hưởng lẫn nhau, sự tác động qua lại
- institutional (adj.): thuộc cơ quan, thuộc tổ chức
- practitioner (n.): thầy thuốc (luật sư) đang hành nghề
1/ The meanings of the terms science and technology have stayed the same.
2/ We can find more similarities than differences between the terms.
3/ Only science implies a thinking process.
4/ Technology employs a more experimental methodology than that of science.
5/ Science, at least in theory, is more concerned with the development of general laws and less concerned with the practicality of its results.
6/ The changeable relationship of the two can be seen in the historical development of such practitioners as chemists, engineers, physicists, astronomers, carpenters, potters, and many other specialists.
7/ There are distinctions between the activities of scientists and technologists.
8/ Institutional objectives and professional goals do not contribute to such distinctions.
9/ Throughout history the practitioners of “pure” science have made a lot of practical as well as theoretical contributions.
10/ The reading above is about science and technology.